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RESEARCH ARCHIVE

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This section houses the academic literature on the purposes, processes and effects of the  IPP sentence.

It includes perspectives from lawyers, legal scholars, criminologists and psychologists.


This section is intended to impartially present research studies that concern the IPP sentence.

2022

THE PAINS OF HOPE: FAMILIES OF INDETERMINATE SENTENCED PRISONERS AND POLITICAL CAMPAIGNING BY LAY CITIZENS

H. Annison
R. Condry

2021

CONCEPTUALISING ‘SUCCESS’ AMONG IMPRISONMENT FOR PUBLIC PROTECTION (IPP) SENTENCED OFFENDERS WITH PERSONALITY-RELATED DIFFICULTIES.

N. King
B. Crisp

2020

‘I'M ALWAYS WALKING ON EGGSHELLS, AND THERE'S NO CHANCE OF ME EVER BEING FREE’: THE MENTAL HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF IMPRISONMENT FOR PUBLIC PROTECTION IN THE COMMUNITY AND POST‐RECALL.

M. Harris
K. Edgar
R. Webster

THE MENTAL HEALTH IMPACT OF PAROLE ON FAMILIES OF INDETERMINATE‐SENTENCED PRISONERS IN ENGLAND AND WALES.

C. Straub
H. Annison

INDEFINITE DETENTION OR SUPERVISION FOR PUBLIC PROTECTION WHEN A LIFE SENTENCE IS NOT AVAILABLE: PATHWAY OUTCOMES AMONG PRISONERS IN ONE REGION.

S. Crosswaite         
M. Freestone         
J. Ramesden

HOPE DEFERRED, HUMANITY DIMINISHED? AN ETHNOGRAPHIC INQUIRY INTO THE IMPROVEMENT OF PASTORAL CARE OFFERED TO THOSE SERVING AN INDETERMINATE SENTENCE OF IMPRISONMENT FOR PUBLIC PROTECTION.

D. Beedon

2019

THE PAINS OF INDETERMINATE IMPRISONMENT FOR FAMILY MEMBERS.

H. Annison         
R. Condry

IT’S NOT A CASE OF HE’LL BE HOME ONE DAY’ THE IMPACT ON FAMILIES OF SENTENCES OF IMPRISONMENT FOR PUBLIC PROTECTION (IPP).

M. McConnell
B. Raikes

2018

TRACING THE GORDIAN KNOT: INDETERMINATE-SENTENCED PRISONERS AND THE PATHOLOGIES OF ENGLISH PENAL POLITICS.

H. Annison

2017

THE SEQUENCING AND DELIVERY OF INTERVENTIONS: VIEWS OF IMPRISONED FOR PUBLIC PROTECTION (IPP) PRISONERS IN THE UK.

Z. Stephenson
J. Woodhams
L. Harkins

2015

DANGEROUS POLITICS: RISK, POLITICAL VULNERABILITY AND PENAL POLICY.

Harry Annison
Oxford University Press

YOUNG OFFENDERS' EXPERIENCES OF AN INDETERMINATE SENTENCE.

M. Merola

2014

WEEDING THE GARDEN: THE THIRD WAY, THE WESTMINSTER TRADITION AND IMPRISONMENT FOR PUBLIC PROTECTION.

Harry Annison.

THE OFFENDER PERSONALITY DISORDER PATHWAY: EXPANSION IN THE FACE OF FAILURE?

A. O'Loughlin

MASCULINITY AND IMPRISONMENT FOR PUBLIC PROTECTION.

J. Sloan

SENTENCING REFORM AND PRISONER MENTAL HEALTH.

P. Taylor
S. Williams

2013

THE DEMISE OF THE UNPOPULAR IMPRISONMENT FOR PUBLIC PROTECTION SENTENCE.

V. Bettinson

2012

“FRUSTRATIONS WITHIN”: IMPRISONMENT FOR PUBLIC PROTECTION (IPP).

P. Addicott

PROVIDING A LEARNING DISABILITY IN-REACH SERVICE FOR YOUNG ADULT OFFENDERS SERVING A SENTENCE OF IMPRISONMENT FOR PUBLIC PROTECTION.

J. Kelly
A. Collier
J. Stringer

RIP THE IPP: A LOOK BACK AT THE SENTENCE OF IMPRISONMENT FOR PUBLIC PROTECTION.

C. Rose

THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS AT PAROLE REVIEWS (INDETERMINATE IMPRISONMENT FOR PUBLIC PROTECTION SENTENCES)

S. Bradford
P. Cowell

2011

THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN INDUCTION GROUP AT HMP BELMARSH FOR PRISONERS MADE SUBJECT TO INDETERMINATE PUBLIC PROTECTION (IPP) SENTENCES.

N. Lauchlan

CAN A PERSON RECALLED TO PRISON UNDER A LIFE SENTENCE POSE A RISK OF HARM JUSTIFYING IMPRISONMENT FOR PUBLIC PROTECTION?

L. Madhloom

2009

IMPRISONMENT FOR PUBLIC PROTECTION PRISONERS AND MENTAL HEALTH ISSUES.

E. Cluley

IMPRISONMENT FOR PUBLIC PROTECTION: AN EXAMPLE OF 'REVERSE DIVERSION'.

M. Rutherford

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